Fiber bales

Almost exactly two months ago, I was so lucky to be a delegate to the biannual meeting of the Norwegian Crafts Society. During the meeting days, we had the opportunity to visit Norway’s larges yarn mill, Rauma Ullvarefabrikk. I had been buying their yarns for many years, and always wanted to go there, but never made it. Finally, I was here!

Bales of washed wool

And this is how it all starts. Large bales of clean, Norwegian wool. The wool is sent to Bradford, UK, for washing, because there is no plant for washing wool in Norway.

Bale of washed wool

The fiber in the bales is very compressed. Before carding the fibers are blended with spinning oil and loosened.

a room full of wool

Carding machine

The carding machine is a huge and many meters in length. The process of carding consists of several steps and ends with a thin sliver of soft wool.

Carding machine large


Rovings to pre-yarn

The slivers are spun into pre-yarn and the pre-yarn is then made into single yarns of different thickness.


Spinning machines


Cones of single yarn


The singles are then combined and plied, resulting in 2-, 3- or 4-threaded yarns.



Cones of 2-ply yarn

Spools of two ply yarn, ready for dyeing!

Ready for dyeing

Purveyor belt with colored

The spinning mill in Rauma has a large fabric outlet and in case you wonder, yes, I did buy some yarn! Not so much, just all I managed to press into my suitcase.

Rauma wool factory